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(有更新)Science policy, politics and disease control: the 2001 foot-and-mouth disease epidemic in the United Kingdom

发布日期:2018-09-04访问次数: 信息来源:动物医学院字号:[ ]


英国爱丁堡大学皇家迪克兽医学院Prof. Michael Thrusfield一行将于9月14日来访,并为我院师生做兽医流行病学相关专题报告,欢迎感兴趣的师生关注。


报告人:Prof. Michael Thrusfield, Personal Chair of Veterinary Epidemiology, the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, the University of Edinburgh

时间:2018年9月14日(周五)上午09:30-11:00

地点:旧教495

摘要:Foot-and-mouth disease, first described in Italy in the early 16th Century, is a globally widespread disease of cloven-hoofed animals. It is endemic in some parts of the world, and occurred regularly on the UK mainland until 1968, where it was accompanied by tried-and-tested control procedures: slaughter of affected animals, movement restrictions, slaughter of in-contact animals, and compensation.   However, the long inter-epidemic period between the 1967-’68 epidemic and the one that devastated the country in 2001 resulted in a collective loss of memory about a well-understood disease, and was associated with changes in the UK’s farming system and reduction in the number of veterinarians employed by the government’s State Veterinary Service.  Consequently, when the epidemic struck close to a planned national General Election, there was unprecedented media coverage of the event. The initial widespread dissemination of affected animals before the disease was detected resulted in premature conclusions that the disease was not being effectively controlled by the established procedures; and novel pre-emptive slaughter strategies, targeted at healthy animals, were instigated.  The most contentious of these – automatic slaughter of animals on premises adjacent to affected farms – was posited by computer predictions.  The resulting death toll (over 6.5 million animals, compared with less than half a million in 1967-’68) had a profound effect on rural livelihoods and attitudes, made all the more keen by empirical evidence attesting to the effectiveness of established control techniques, and indicating that the novel methods were wastefully unnecessary.






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